Pre eclampsia signs and symptoms of pre eclampsia
The nine months of pregnancy may be accompanied by several pleasant as well as undesirable events. More commonly, women complain of issues such as severe nausea and vomiting during the early periods of pregnancy, and stomach acid reflux all throughout their gestational time. These troubles are relatively minor events and can easily be dealt with using specific medications and remedies.
However, certain fatal conditions may also arise anywhere within these 37-38 weeks of pregnancy, like the one we are about to discuss here- Pre-eclampsia.
What is pre-eclampsia?
A mother-to-be shall experience fluctuating blood pressure several times a day. Blood pressure during pregnancy may fall below the optimum range or may rise up to fatal limits. Pre-eclampsia is a condition which is designated as a ‘pregnancy complication’ identified by high blood pressure and excess protein in urine. This complication mostly arises in the third trimester of pregnancy and tends to worsen if not controlled immediately.
Note: raised blood pressure in pregnancy is said to occur if a woman experiences blood pressure ranges greater than 140/90 mmHg, at two separate times, at least four hours apart from each other, more preferably at the 20th week of her gestation.
Who can develop pre-eclampsia?
Pre-eclampsia may be followed by certain risk factors in a lot of the cases, nevertheless, it may also develop without any specific influence. Following are the conditions which make a pregnant person prone towards the development of pre-eclampsia:
- If she is obese
- If she is has primary hypertension
- If she has a positive family history of hypertension
- If she has a positive family history of pre-eclampsia
- If she is affected with diabetes mellitus
- If it is her first pregnancy and is bearing twins
- If she is facing some abnormalities with the placental development
Testing for pre-eclampsia becomes routine in the third trimester even if the last two trimesters remained uneventful. Blood pressure and urine tests are mandatory to keep a check for the developing condition.
What are the signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia?
Edema is referred to a condition when fluid from within the cells shift in the extracellular environment. It forms an important diagnostic sign of hypertension. During pregnancy, excessive swelling of hands, face and feet may indicate towards an increasing blood pressure, which could ultimately develop into pre-eclampsia if not controlled.
Presence of large amounts of protein in urine is known as ‘proteinuria’. It is also an important symptom of pre-eclampsia. Women going through pregnancy are tested for protein in urine at every clinical visit.
Severe headache, disturbed vision, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in breathing, and pain in the upper abdomen are also signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia
How is pre-eclampsia managed?
Someone that develops pre-eclampsia and is near to her term is recommended to have her child delivered as soon as possible.
Anti-hypertensive medications are prescribed to control the rising blood pressure.
If the symptoms exceed and hypertension is causing damage to the organs, then corticosteroids may be prescribed under an expert’s supervision.
Women with pre-eclampsia are recommended to take a bed rest.